Questions are asked about the fairness of the sentence, whether it was harsh and gave a bad impression of Islam and Malaysia, and whether it was sound under syariah law.
Like many Syrians, he abhors the war. After all, it is not his war. He does not want to join a war that kills his own people. To him, war solves no problem. Thus, he refused to join the Syrian army not because he is a coward, but because he does not believe in war. This is a political opinion which he has the right to express and uphold.